Definition of the concept and legal characteristic

2022-08-17
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The concept of green packaging and the definition of legal characteristics (I)

abstract the maintenance of testing machine in Jinan testing machine factory: green packaging is an important aspect of environmental protection and green barriers. This paper deeply demonstrates the concept of green packaging, and discusses the characteristics of green packaging from a legal perspective

key words: the concept of green packaging legal characteristics

in view of the negative impact of packaging on the environment, a wave of graphene green packaging with "the king of new materials" naturally arises all over the world. At the same time, green packaging has also had a significant impact on international trade and become an important aspect of green barriers. Therefore, more and more domestic laws and international treaties are used to adjust green packaging, and the legal regulation of green packaging is based on the definition of the concept and legal characteristics of green packaging

first, the concept of green packaging

at present, there is no unified definition of green packaging, so we should explore it from the development of green packaging and recognized evaluation standards

(I) the origin of green packaging. In 1987 and 1992, the United Nations Commission on environment and development issued "our common future" and "Rio Declaration on environment and development" and "Agenda 21", which put forward the theory of sustainable development and set off a green wave centered on environmental protection and resource conservation all over the world. The development of the packaging industry in the United States and Europe has paid close attention to the self-service retail/distribution industry and the demand for consumer goods packaging, as well as the rationality of the entire logistics operation system from farms/producers to consumers to their dustbins/waste disposal systems, and has paid more and more attention to environmental issues, including packaging waste. Under the impact of the world's green wave, "green packaging", as a new concept to effectively solve packaging and environment, emerged in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Abroad, this new concept is also known as "pollution-free packaging" or "Friends of the environment packaging". As North America and Europe are the main consumption areas of packaging materials, and the development of their packaging industry is also in a leading position in the world, green packaging first appeared in developed countries in North America and Europe, and then received the response of other countries, including developing countries

(II) evaluation criteria of green packaging. At present, there is no unified evaluation standard for green packaging, but the internationally recognized principles and methods for judging the relationship between packaging and the environment are:

1.3r1d principle

reduce (packaging reduction principle): the first principle of green packaging is to reduce the use of packaging materials. People should first avoid and reduce the generation of waste, rather than treat it after it is generated. When ensuring the protection, transportation, storage, sales and other functions of packaging, the first consideration is to minimize the total use of materials. When the recyclability of packaging conflicts with the reduction of use, priority should be given to the latter, because the latter is more beneficial to the environment. Simplicity should be advocated. "Simplicity" is to get rid of cumbersome and stacked things, "about" is to save materials and labor. We should adopt the smallest whole process packaging design as far as possible, and promote non packaged bulk products. Excessive packaging or disposable packaging does not conform to the principle of reduction

reuse (Reuse Principle): it is considered to recycle, treat and reuse all or part of the packaging after using s (3) 400 tungsten filament scanning electron microscope to inspect the quantity, size and dispersion of 'phases in the alloy under different heat treatment systems. Packaging should be easy to reuse is also an important factor for the success of the experiment and the accuracy of the experimental results. Reuse can reduce the demand for packaging, thus reducing the total amount of packaging waste that eventually enters the environment. To a certain extent, it can avoid and reduce the environmental pollution caused by packaging itself and the environmental pollution caused by packaging in the production process. At the same time, reuse can also save resources for manufacturing packaging materials, so as to reduce damage to the environment and improve resource utilization

recycle (resource-based principle): that is, green packaging should pay attention to the recycling treatment of packaging materials. The used packaging should be recycled, treated and reprocessed for use in different fields. It can reduce the pressure of final waste on landfill and incineration, and make the finished products use less resources and energy. Therefore, designers of packaging products should pay attention to the selection of materials with recycling value, so that packaging waste can return to the economic cycle after recycling

degradable (principle of degradable decay): in order not to form permanent garbage, non recyclable packaging waste should be able to decompose and decay by itself, and the purpose of improving soil should be achieved through composting

(to be continued)

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